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Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast)


Abidjan is Côte d'Ivoire economic capital. The country's political capital is Yamoussoukro.

Although the country is often referred to in English as "Ivory Coast", the country has requested be called "Côte d'Ivoire" (the equivalent in French).

Country Profile                                                                   

  • The current population of Côte d'Ivoire is 23,449,538 as of Saturday, November 12, 2016, based on the latest United Nations estimates.
  • Côte D'ivoire population is equivalent to 0.31% of the total world population.
  • Côte D'ivoire ranks number 56 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Côte d'Ivoire is 73 per Km2 (189 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 318,115 Km2 (122,825 sq. miles)
  • 50.8 % of the population is urban (11,952,809 people in 2016)
  • The median age in Côte d'Ivoire is 18.5 years

Côte d'Ivoire is bounded on the north by Mali and Burkina Faso, west by Liberia and Guinea, east by Ghana and south by the Atlantic Ocean.

  • Political capital: Yamoussoukro 207 000 people in 2014
  • Economic capital (also seat of the government): Abidjan 4.707.000 million people (RGPH 2014)


Major urban areas: (RGPH2014)

  • Bouaké 542 000 people
  • Daloa: 566 000 people
  • Gagnoa: 285 000 people
  • Korhogo: 245 000 people
  • Man: 190 000 people

Religion: Secular country
Muslim about 38.6%, Christian about 32.8%, indigenous about 11.9%, none 16.7% (2008 est.)
note: the majority of foreigners (migrant workers) are Muslim (70%) and Christian (20%)

Languages: French (official), 60 native dialects of which Dioula is the most widely spoken

Ethnic groups: Akan 42.1%, Voltaiques or Gur 17.6%, Northern Mandes 16.5%, Krous 11%, Southern Mandes 10%, other 2.8% (includes about 130,000 Lebanese)

Population: 23 Million people (Dec 2014 )
Area: 322,463 sq km
Currency: CFA Franc
Exchange rate: 1 Euro = 655,957 F CFA
GDP: $28.28 billion (2013 est.)
GDP per capita: $1,800 (2013 est.)
Fiscal year: Calendar year

Time zone: GMT (UTC+0)

Country code: +225

Main Public holidays:

  • 1st January             New Year's Day
  • Variable                Easter Monday
  • 1st May                 Labour Day
  • variable                 Ascension
  • variable                 Whit Monday
  • 7th August             Independence Day
  • 15th August          Assumption
  • 1st November        All Saints Day
  • 15th November     National Peace Day
  • 25th December     Christmas Day
  • variable Islamic.    Prophet's Birthday
  • variable Islamic.    Day after Lailatou-Kadr (Revelation of the Qur'an)                                
  • variable Islamic.    Korité / Aîd-eI-Fitr (End of Ramadan)
  • variable Islamic.    Tabaski / Aîd-El-Kébir (Feast of the Sacrifice)                                          


  • Abidjan population: 4.707.000 million (RGPH 2014)

Only Lagos, the former capital of Nigeria, has a larger number of inhabitants in the West African region. Considered a cultural hub of West Africa, Abidjan lies on the south-east coast of the country in the Gulf of Guinea, on the Ébrié Lagoon.

The business district Le Plateau is the centre of the city, along with Cocody, (one of the wealthiest neighborhood).
The slum of Adjamé is on the north shore of the lagoon, Treichville and Marcory to the south, Abobo and Yopougon to the west, and Boulay Island in the middle of the lagoon. Further south lies Port Bouët, home to the airport and main seaport.
Abidjan is inhabited by people from a wide array of different ethnicities.


  • Climate:

The average temperature ranges between 26 and 40 degrees Celsius and the humidity level varies between 80 and 90%.
Climate: Tropical along coast, semiarid in far north; three seasons - warm and dry (November to March), hot and dry (March to May), hot and wet (June to October).
During the rainy season it can rain continuously for several consecutive days, or intensely for over an hour.
Terrain: mostly flat to undulating plains; mountains in northwest.
Lowest point: Gulf of Guinea 0 m
Highest point: Mount Nimba 1,752 m

  • Economy:

Côte d'ivoire is among the world's largest producers and exporters of coffee, cocoa beans, and palm oil. Consequently, the economy is highly sensitive to fluctuations in international prices for these products and to weather conditions. Despite attempts by the government to diversify the economy, it is still largely dependent on agriculture and related activities.

During the last few years Côte d’Ivoire has benefited from strong economic growth, with GDP having remained steady at above 8%, supported by strong export in cocoa and palm oil. Since the discovery of oil reserves in 2012 the export of oil and gas has largely supported economic growth. The relatively peaceful elections held in October 2015 secured a second term for President Ouattara, who has focused on rebuilding the country’s infrastructure and establishing economic and political stability.

  • Main Exports:

Cocoa, coffee, tropical timbers, petroleum, cotton, bananas, pineapples, palm oil, cotton, and fish.

  • Main Imports:

Food, manufactured consumer goods, heavy machinery, fuel, and transport equipment.

  • Introduction to Nouchi:

A specific colloquial Abidjan French, the Nouchi has even appeared, with a pronounciation and some colloquial words distinct from standard French. Abidjan is recognized as one of a few areas in Africa where French (colloquial Abidjan Frnench) is truly a native tongue. originally used by urban youth who could not speak proper French. initially heard in and around Côte d’Ivoire’s markets, transport stations, cinemas and the like, it has since worked its way into most segments of the population. The nouchi has been embraced.